The electrification of Africa

Despite of an electrification rate of 6% in the Democratic Republic of Congo, the distribution of electricity from the Inga power site within the country remains difficult and especially inefficient. A lack of massive consumption and the high cost of power distribution infrastructure are the two major causes.Therefore, the Congolese authoritiesare in favor of exporting the electricity power generated fromthe Grand Inga dam and using the electricity to supply future Congolese local industries (for example electrometallurgy for aluminum, or electrochemistry for ammonia).


In the framework of NEPAD (New Partnership for Africa's Development) projects, making use of the Grand Inga as the center for electricity supply across the entire Africa stimulate several project studies: the Northern Corridor (DRC connect to the Egypt on 5300km), the Western Axis (linking the DRC, Nigeria), the Western Corridor (linking the DRC to South Africa) and building power lines to Zambia.

Republic of Congo and South Africa signed a Memorandum of Understandingin 2011 to re-launch the mega-Ingaproject of constructing a hydroelectric complex in order to secure the electricity sources for both African countries.